the DL on WED's. 

weight and eating disorders are mental health issues that manifest themselves in a variety of unhealthy eating and weight control habits that become obsessive, compulsive, and/or impulsive in nature. though these manifestations show up in patterns or practices with food and the body, eating disorders are not exclusively about food and the body. in fact, eating disorders are about issues of control, trauma, self-worth, depression, anxiety, or some other psychological symptom.

weight and eating disorders are generally defined as anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder. it is important to note that though some people experience these disorders exclusively, many people tend to experience a combination of symptoms from the various disorders. i view all variations of disordered eating and eating disorders as the embodiment of oppression. you do not have to have a clinically diagnosable disorder to be suffering with your relationship between food and body. suffering is not determined by a diagnosis or number on the scale. 

 

anorexia nervosa

characterized by a person’s obsession with controlling their eating and refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height.

  • significant weight loss without any logical reason, such as illness
  • significant reduction in eating accompanied by repeated denials of hunger
  • dieting when not over healthy weight range
  • signs of starvation (can include thinning or actual loss of hair, appearance of fine, white hair on the body, frequent
  • bloated feelings, yellowing palms or soles of feet and/or a dry, pasty skin
  • abnormal menstrual periods in women
 

bulimia nervosa

characterized by cycles of bingeing and purging. people with bulimia may well have a weight that is regarded as “normal”.

  • repeated episodes of bingeing and purging

  • feeling out of control while eating

  • vomiting, using laxatives, diet pills, or diuretics, exercising excessively, and skipping meals

  • frequent dieting

  • using body weight and shape as the main measure of one’s self worth


binge eating disorder

characterized as recurrent episodes of binge eating without being associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behaviors (e.g., purging, fasting, excessive exercise).

  • eating large amounts of food frequently and in one sitting

  • feeling out of control and unable to stop eating

  • eating quickly and in secret

  • feeling uncomfortably full after eating

  • feeling guilty and ashamed of binges


orthorexia

is an “unhealthy obsession” with otherwise healthy eating and literally translates to a “fixation on righteous eating.” orthorexia starts out as an innocent attempt to eat more healthfully, but orthorexics become fixated on food quality and purity. food choices become restrictive, in both variety and calories, that health suffers.

  • constantly looking for ways foods are unhealthy for you. 
  • love, joy, play and creativity take a back seat to following the perfect diet.
  • feels guilt or self-loathing when one strays from their diet.
  • feels in control when they stick to the “correct” diet. 
  • puts oneself on a nutritional pedestal and wonders how others eat the foods they eat.  

over-exercise disorder

over-exercise disorders, like eating disorders, are used to provide control, soothe anxieties, offer structure, maintain self-esteem, and purge the body. because exercise is honored in our society as being representative of those who are healthy and disciplined, often over-exercise disorders goes unnoticed.

  • maintains a high level of activity and is uncomfortable with states of rest or relaxation.

  • justifies that a high level of activity is necessary and reasonable for optimum health.

  • depends on the activity for self-definition and mood stabilization.

  • has an intense, driven and competitive quality to the activity.

  • is self-perpetuating and resistant to changing the activity, compelling continuation despite injury, isolation and/or other life commitments.


other specified feeding or eating disorder

formerly described at eating disorders not Ootherwise specified is a feeding or eating disorder that causes significant distress or impairment, but does not meet the other classifications. the commonality in all of these conditions is the serious emotional and psychological suffering.


DL = DownLoad (incase you missed that early millennial pop culture reference). i got you.